Procuracy

   In the Soviet Union, the prosecutor’s office was known as the procuracy. During the years of Joseph Stalin, the procuracy’s powers were severely limited in favor of the security services. The Cheka during the civil war and the NKVD in the late 1930s had the right to arrest, try, and execute political prisoners. Following Stalin’s death, Soviet law was reformed to give the procuracy far greater authority, along with the ability to conduct semi-independent investigations in some criminal cases. But the Soviet procuracy never had the degree of independence held by British or American prosecution attorneys. Sentences were often dictated by the KGB or Communist Party leaders. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russian prosecutors have reexamined their juridical roots. Russian law now recognizes—as tsarist law did—that the procuracy needs to have considerable independence in presenting cases and selecting prosecutions. The new Russian offices have also come under tremendous pressure from Russian organized crime, and several prosecutors and members of their staffs have been assassinated.

Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Procuracy — Proc u*ra*cy, n.; pl. {Procuracies}. [LL. procuratia: cf. F. procuratie. See {Procuration}, and cf,. {Proxy}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The office or act of a proctor or procurator; management for another. [1913 Webster] 2. Authority to act for another; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • procuracy — index agency (legal relationship), delegation (envoy) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • procuracy — /prok yeuhr euh see/, n., pl. procuracies. Archaic. the office of a proctor or procurator. [1250 1300; ME procuracie < ML procuratia, for L procuratio PROCURATION; see ACY] * * * ▪ Soviet law Russian  Prokuratura,         in the former Soviet… …   Universalium

  • procuracy — [prə kjʊərəsi] noun (plural procuracies) the position or office of a procurator …   English new terms dictionary

  • procuracy — proc·u·ra·cy …   English syllables

  • procuracy — /prokyarasiy/ The writing or instrument which authorizes a procurator to act …   Black's law dictionary

  • procuracy — The written authority of a procuratur which empowers him to act for his principal …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • procuracy — ˈpräkyərəsē noun ( es) Etymology: Middle English procuracie, from Anglo French, from Medieval Latin procuratia, alteration of Latin procuratio procuration more at procuration 1. archaic : the office or functions of a proctor or procurator …   Useful english dictionary

  • Supreme People's Procuracy of Vietnam — The Supreme People’s Procuracy of Vietnam is responsible for prosecutions and legal matters. It functions like the prosecutor’s office or attorney general’s office in Western countries.OperationsThe Supreme People’s Procuracy of Vietnam has the… …   Wikipedia

  • Procuracies — Procuracy Proc u*ra*cy, n.; pl. {Procuracies}. [LL. procuratia: cf. F. procuratie. See {Procuration}, and cf,. {Proxy}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The office or act of a proctor or procurator; management for another. [1913 Webster] 2. Authority to act… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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